Constantine's death marked the end of the Byzantine Empire, which traced its origin to Constantine the Great's foundation of Constantinople as the Roman Empire's new capital in 330. I do too. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. You know well, my brothers, that we have four obligations in common, which force us to prefer death over survival: first our faith and piety; second our homeland; third, the emperor anointed by the Lord, and fourth; our relatives and friends. ( Log Out /  Well, my brothers, if we must fight for one of these obligations, we will be even more liable under the command strength of all four; as you can clearly understand. Constantine … The last speech of the last Emperor Constantine XI Palaiologos ist a quite haunting "this is our last stand". Battle. In the last speech of the last Roman emperor, Constantine Palaologus XI speaks before his officers and allies as the Mohammedans prepared to … Your helmets, breastplates and suits of armor are fully sufficient together with your other weapons and will prove very effective in battle. He died fighting in the streets of Constantinople. It had long been under the Frankish principality of 'Achaia' Constantine was crowned Emperor January 6, 1449 AD succeeding his brother. It was once my chief desire, dearest friends, to enjoy the display of your united presence. Third, our empire, renowned in the past but presently humbled, low and exhausted, will be ruled by a tyrant and an impious man. This is most important of all. Constantine XI Dragases Palaiologos or Dragaš Palaeologus (Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος Δραγάσης Παλαιολόγος, Kōnstantinos Dragasēs Palaiologos; 8 February 1405 – 29 May 1453) was the last Byzantine emperor, reigning from 1449 until his death in battle at the Fall of Constantinople in 1453. Keep your right hand, armed with the sword, extended in front of you at all times. I have read it several times and this is a copy I typed from the "Fall of Byzantium" by George Sprantzes. Consider then, my brothers and comrades in arms, how the commemoration of our death, our memory, fame and freedom can be rendered eternal.”, Greek citizens living abroad have always had the right to vote in Greek elections according…, In the northeastern part of Corfu, one finds an impressive house that overlooks the Ionian…, NOYNOY is a household name in Greece, with generations of children growing up drinking this…. Last speech of Constantine XI right before the Fall of Constantinople From what I have gathered, the speech was written down in the Chronicles of his close confidant, the logothete Georgios Sphrantzes, but Sphrantzes' text doesn't seem to be uploaded somewhere. Constantine XI Palaeologus , the last Byzantine emperor (1449–53), killed in the final defense of Constantinople against the Ottoman Turks. Emperor Constantine XI Palaiologos was the last emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire, today more commonly known as the Byzantine Empire. Yet now too, my brothers, feel no cowardice, even if small parts of our fortifications have collapsed from the explosions and engine missiles, as you can see, we made all possible, necessary repairs. Our enemies have no and use no such weapons. I only entrust my humbled scepter to your hands; guard it with good will. At the time, Mistra, a fortified town also called Sparta or Lacedaemon due to its proximity to the ancient city,was a center of arts and culture rivalling Constantinople. You are protected inside the walls, while they will advance without cover and with toil. Best, Shame on you for skpping a key part ” the hope and joy of all Hellens”. Crying, “The City is lost, but I live,” Emperor Constantine XI stripped and flung off his royal regalia and “spurred on his horse and reached the spot where the Turks were coming in … Constantine XI Dragaš Palaeologus (1404–1453): The Last Emperor of Byzantium Once more, I ask and beg you to act in this hour as loyal allies, fellow Christians, and brothers.”, Turning to his left, he addressed the Genoese: “Most honored brothers from Genoa, courageous and illustrious warriors! Appendix F: Constantine's Speech to the Council of Nicea. She became the Queen of Cities, the shield and aid of our homeland, the shelter of Christians, the hope and joy of all wishes to destroy this city, which was once proud and blooming like a rose of the field. This is most important of all. Protect your heads with shields in combat and battle. In the midst of tears and sighs he gave thanks to God, and all teh rest, in union answered in sobbing: “Let us die for our faith in Christ and for our fatherland.” The emperor listened and thanked the crowd profusely, pledged many gifts, and added: “Well then my brothers and fellow soldiers, be prepared for the morning. Emperor Constantine XI attended a final religious service and gave a rousing speech to the men and women of Constantinople. Constantine became the Despotes of the Morea (the medieval name for the Peloponnesus) in October 1443, ruling from the fortress and palace in Mistra. ( Log Out /  Im at the mercy of the translations I used. He knew his city would fall, he knew he would die, he knew all about the past glory of the Roman Empire and that he was in the same line as Caesar, Augustus, Konstantine, Justinian, and he knew that this line would end with him. St. Vincent of Lerins Defends The Importance Of Tradition – Circa A.D.437. I would be happy to add the missing passage of you send it to me along with its correct location. Second, we will be deprived of such famous homeland and of our liberty. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. He was trained as a soldier, and in 1430 liberated the peninsula of Morea in Greece, which had been under the Frankish principality of Achaia, a state established by the Crusaders. Our enemies have none and use no such weapons. ( Log Out /  Constantine XI Palaeologos (1404-1453), also called Dragases, last Byzantine emperor, was born in 1404 in Mistra, was the son of Emperor Manuel II. I didnt skip anything. I think i pulled this for Volume 3 of John Julius Norwich’s Byzantium. I must have gotten it mixed up with another book. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Now he wants to enslave her and throw the yoke upon the Mistress of Cities, our holy churches, where the Holy Trinity was worshiped, where the Holy Spirit was glorified in hymns, where angels were heard praising in chant the deity of and the incarnation of God’s word, he wants to turn into shrines of his blasphemy, shrines of the mad and false Prophet, Mohammed, as well as into stables for his horses and camels. T. D. BARNES; CONSTANTINE'S SPEECH TO THE ASSEMBLY OF THE SAINTS: PLACE AND DATE OF DELIVERY, The Journal of Theological Studies, Volume 52, Issue 1, … Even if one gains the entire world but loses his soul in the process, what will it benefit! Margaret Carroll. This wretch of a Sultan has besieged our city up to now for fifty seven days with all his engines and strength; he has relaxed the blockade neither day nor night, but, by the grace of Christ, our Lord, who sees all things, the enemy has often been repelled, up to now, from our walls with shame and dishonour. From Eusebius, Life of Constantine III:12. “Well, my brothers, if we must fight for one of these obligations, we will be even more liable under the command strength of all four; as you can clearly understand. He is sometimes referred to as Constantine XII, based on the erroneous idea that Constantine Lascaris was crowned in 1204. At this point, women and children had joined in the defense. However, the last emperor of the more than 1,000 year old empire did not flee with the Genoese generals and many civilians to Italy, he instead died fighting in the streets of Constantinople – but not before giving one last epic speech: “Most noble leader, illustrious tribunes, generals, most courageous fellow soldiers and all loyal honest citizens! For a long time they will continue so and will also release over us countless rocks, all sorts of arrows and missiles, like the sand of the sea. Second, we will be deprived of such famous homeland and of our liberty. Although the Turkish state presents the Fall of Constantinople as an epic achievement, their narrative often omits that the Byzantine Empire was in a state of decline since the 1204 Catholic Fourth Crusade that destroyed the city. With this he concluded his speech. Emperor Constantine XI named Giustiniani commander of his land defenses and spent the rest of the winter strengthening the city for a siege. In the 15th century, Constantinople’s walls were widely recognized as the most formidable in all of Europe. They attempt to frighten us with loud yells and innumerable battle cries. You know well, my brothers, that we have four obligations in common, which force us to prefer death over survival: first our faith and piety; second our homeland; third, the emperor anointed by the Lord and fourth; our relatives and friends. This city was an old Greek trading colony on the eastern edge of Europe. “I can tell you that this city mastered the entire universe; She placed beneath her feet Pontus, Armenia, Paphlagonia, The Amazonian lands, Cappadocia, Galatia, Media, Georgian Colchis, Bosphoros, Albania, Syria, Cilicia, Mesopotamia, Phoenicia, Palestine, Arabia, Judea, Bactria, Scythia, Macedonia, Thessaly, Hellas, Boeotia, Locris, Aetolia, Arcarnania, Achaea, the Peloponnese, Epirus, Illyria, Lykhnites, the Adriatic, Italy, Tuscany, the Celts, and Galatian Celts, Spain up to Cadiz, Libya, Mauritania, Ethiopia, Beledes, Scude, Numidia, Africa and Egypt. S Byzantium out as this is our last stand '' but you are commenting using WordPress.com. Prepare yourselves, constantine xi speech firm, and remain valiant, for the of! To defeat the 10,000 Byzantine defenders then the Ottomans discovered a constantine xi speech ajar to the Council of Nicea developed a... 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